December 18, 2014 PTAB Trial Statistics

By Eugene T. Perez

As of December 18, 2014, the Patent Trial and Appeal Board (“PTAB”) has updated the statistics of the number of inter partes reviews (“IPR”), post-grant reviews of covered business method patents (“CBM”), and derivation proceedings (“DER”) that have been filed. These stats are shown below, and can be found at:

http://www.uspto.gov/ip/boards/bpai/stats/aia_trial_statistics.jsp

Graph/chart form of these statistics are found here:

http://www.uspto.gov/ip/boards/bpai/stats/121814_aia_stat_graph.pdf

The proceeding statistics are found here:

http://www.uspto.gov/ip/boards/bpai/stats/aia_trial_proceedings.pdf

It is worth noting that the first regular PGR (not for CBM) was filed on August 5, 2014. As shown below, there are now 3 PGR petitions that have been filed.

The PTAB determines whether or not an IPR or PGR will be granted.  The PTAB may not authorize the IPR unless the petition and response shows there is a “reasonable likelihood” that the petitioner would prevail with at least one of the challenged claimed.[1] The granting of a PGR trial requires an initial threshold requirement of “more likely than not”, and is slightly higher than the IPR threshold standard. However, the latest statistics clearly show that the initial threshold has been met the majority of the time (see the AIA Trials Instituted/Disposals chart below). Note that the new fiscal year (2015) for the USPTO has started. The number of AIA Petitions, where 2,216 IPR petitions have been filed, is as follows:

NUMBER OF AIA PETITIONS

 FY

Total

IPR

CBM

PGR

DER

2012

25

17

8

2013

563

514

48

1

2014

1,494

1,310

177
2

5

2015
416
375
38
1
2

Cumulative

2,498

2,216

271

3

8

 

The graphic form of the AIA filings is shown below (note the decreased filing from Jan - March this year, but a surge since April 2014):

chart

The petitions by technology breakdown are:

AIA PETITION TECHNOLOGY BREAKDOWN - FY 2015

 Technology

Number of Petitions

Percentage

Electrical/Computer

269

64.6%

Mechanical

90

21.6%

Chemical

18

4.3%

Bio/Pharma

38

9.2%

Design

1

0.3%

 

The pie chart for these filings are as follows:

chart

During an IPR, PGR or PGR for CBM, the Patent Owner (“PO”) can optionally file a Preliminary Response.[2]  Clearly, according to these statistics, the PO is choosing to file a Preliminary Response most of the time (overall 81.9%). The number of filed PO Preliminary Responses is in the next chart:

NUMBER OF PATENT OWNER PRELIMINARY RESPONSES

 Filed

Waived

FY2013

FY2014

FY2015

FY2013

FY2014

FY2015

IPR

237

829

297

63

202

52

CBM

33

116

24

2

18

3
PGR

1

 

The institution rate now includes fiscal year 2015 as shown below. Note that there are already several cases of joinder in 2015.

AIA TRIALS/INSTITUTED DISPOSALS

Trials Instituted

Joinders

Denials

Total No. of Decisions on Institution

Disposals

Settlements

Final Written Decisions*

Other**

IPR

FY13

167

10+

26

203

38

2

1

FY14

557

15+

193

765

210

169

1

FY15
185
67+
70
322
75
65

CMB

FY13

14

3

17

3

1

FY14

91

1+

30

122

27

16

2

FY15
16
4
20
18
11
4
PGR
FY15
       
1
   
DER
FY14
3
3

 

+93 cases joined to 57 base trials for a total of 150 cases involved in joinder.

*Includes judgment on request for adverse judgment.

**Includes terminations due to dismissals.

 

A month-to-month view of the filings:

chart

More information on the USPTO PTAB can be found here.

 


  1. 77 Fed. Reg. 48764 (Aug. 14, 2012).
  2. Id. at 48756.